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Managing the entry and exit of individual travelers at U.S. borders is an important aspect of border and homeland security, particularly given the longstanding difficulties the Department of Homeland Security (DHS) and the U.S. border protection apparatus have had in meeting legislatively mandated standards for identifying travelers and documenting their arrivals and departures. This paper outlines a number of questions regarding current entry and exit policies and procedures, the answers to which may lead to helpful modifications. It also looks at questions surrounding the issue of whether pursuing current objectives for entry and exit processing — especially objectives established by Congress — represents the best use of DHS budgetary and managerial resources.

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