A study concerned with the capabilities of computers to perform tasks now performed by humans and the conditions that will determine division of labor between computers and humans in business and other organizations. Automation is being extended to repetitive clerical and computational tasks, to areas where decisions are relatively tangible and quantitative, to routine engineering design, and to problems requiring discovery and synthesis. As technical problems of programming computer activities are solved, the choice between man and computer in performing these activities rests less on feasibility and more on the economic and other consequences of the change.
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