A discussion of the Soviet contribution to China's economic development. Such aspects are examined as the history of China's association, or lack of association, with the Soviet-led effort to promote economic integration in the Bloc; the history of the Soviet effort to draw China into more orderly bilateral trade relations governed by a long-term agreement; China's debtor status vis-a-vis the Soviet Union, and her resulting balance-of-payments problem; and the highly fluctuating, and rather disorderly, course of Sino-Soviet trade from 1957 to 1959, which reflects a drastic Chinese adjustment to her balance-of-payments problem and the impact of the "great leap forward" on China's demand for imports. 27 pp.
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