An attempt to provide a basis for understanding the meaning of resource analysis. The specific meaning of this term is heavily dependent on the context of the particular problem, and the main features of several possible contexts are sketched. The author then outlines the major characteristics of a resource analysis capability designed primarily to serve in a longrange planning type of context. While adherence to these characteristics is fundamentally important in developing and operating a resource analysis activity, it alone will not ensure good analytical studies, which are heavily dependent on experience, good judgment, hard work, and ingenuity in creating and using analytical methods and techniques. 14 pp.
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