Cover: Radiation environment for manned spacecraft

Radiation environment for manned spacecraft

Published 1963

Purchase Print Copy

 Format Price
Add to Cart Paperback10 pages $20.00

A review of the current state of knowledge about radiation environment for manned spacecraft. The paper treats: (1) electromagnetic radiation from the sun including ultraviolet, visible, and infrared light; (2) the so-called Van Allen belt radiation, or electrons and protons trapped in the earth's magnetic field; (3) high-energy protons originating spasmodically in large solar flares; and (4) cosmic particles of galactic origin. The various types of radiation are treated according to their significance to different kinds of space missions. 7 pp.

This report is part of the RAND paper series. The paper was a product of RAND from 1948 to 2003 that captured speeches, memorials, and derivative research, usually prepared on authors' own time and meant to be the scholarly or scientific contribution of individual authors to their professional fields. Papers were less formal than reports and did not require rigorous peer review.

This document and trademark(s) contained herein are protected by law. This representation of RAND intellectual property is provided for noncommercial use only. Unauthorized posting of this publication online is prohibited; linking directly to this product page is encouraged. Permission is required from RAND to reproduce, or reuse in another form, any of its research documents for commercial purposes. For information on reprint and reuse permissions, please visit

RAND is a nonprofit institution that helps improve policy and decisionmaking through research and analysis. RAND's publications do not necessarily reflect the opinions of its research clients and sponsors.