Cover: GANEFO I

GANEFO I

Sports and Politics in Djakarta

Published 2004

by Ewa T. Pauker

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Observations made at GANEFO (Games of the New Emerging Forces) in Djakarta, November 1963. The paper shows the political significance of the games to the 51 participating nations and Indonesia's use of a sports event for political purposes. The games show that a nation can, with a small investment, make substantial foreign policy gains by exploiting other human interests than economic development or military security. GANEFO might appear also as an important symptom of the realignment of political forces in the world.

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