Climate and the Heat Budget of the Central Arctic.

by J. O. Fletcher

Purchase

Purchase Print Copy

 FormatList Price Price
Add to Cart Paperback22 pages $20.00 $16.00 20% Web Discount

A detailed assessment of each component of the heat budgets for the surface and the earth-atmosphere system in the central Arctic, for both an ice-covered and an ice-free ocean. These estimates suggest that the annual heat balance at the surface for an ice-free Arctic would be near zero rather than strongly positive as suggested by Donn and Shaw. The sources of this discrepancy are identified and discussed. The annual patterns of atmospheric cooling for both present and ice-free conditions are obtained as residuals. The relation of these patterns to general atmospheric circulation and glacier accumulation is discussed, with the conclusion that an open Arctic Ocean would be conducive to glacier accumulation in Canada and Scandinavia. 22 pp. Bibliog.

This report is part of the RAND Corporation Paper series. The paper was a product of the RAND Corporation from 1948 to 2003 that captured speeches, memorials, and derivative research, usually prepared on authors' own time and meant to be the scholarly or scientific contribution of individual authors to their professional fields. Papers were less formal than reports and did not require rigorous peer review.

Our mission to help improve policy and decisionmaking through research and analysis is enabled through our core values of quality and objectivity and our unwavering commitment to the highest level of integrity and ethical behavior. To help ensure our research and analysis are rigorous, objective, and nonpartisan, we subject our research publications to a robust and exacting quality-assurance process; avoid both the appearance and reality of financial and other conflicts of interest through staff training, project screening, and a policy of mandatory disclosure; and pursue transparency in our research engagements through our commitment to the open publication of our research findings and recommendations, disclosure of the source of funding of published research, and policies to ensure intellectual independence. For more information, visit www.rand.org/about/research-integrity.

The RAND Corporation is a nonprofit institution that helps improve policy and decisionmaking through research and analysis. RAND's publications do not necessarily reflect the opinions of its research clients and sponsors.