Cover: Electron Ionization and Loss Processes and Rates.

Electron Ionization and Loss Processes and Rates.

Published 1966

by Cullen M. Crain

Purchase Print Copy

 Format Price
Add to Cart Paperback50 pages $23.00

A transcript of a Paper presented at the Conference on Ground-Based Radio-Wave Propagation Studies of the Lower Ionosphere, Ottawa, Canada, 11-15 April 1966. Thirty slides illustrating aspects of the ionization state in the atmosphere below 100 km are reproduced. The factors involved in ionization loss, of both electrons and ions, in the lower ionosphere are emphasized. 50 pp. Bibliog.

This report is part of the RAND paper series. The paper was a product of RAND from 1948 to 2003 that captured speeches, memorials, and derivative research, usually prepared on authors' own time and meant to be the scholarly or scientific contribution of individual authors to their professional fields. Papers were less formal than reports and did not require rigorous peer review.

This document and trademark(s) contained herein are protected by law. This representation of RAND intellectual property is provided for noncommercial use only. Unauthorized posting of this publication online is prohibited; linking directly to this product page is encouraged. Permission is required from RAND to reproduce, or reuse in another form, any of its research documents for commercial purposes. For information on reprint and reuse permissions, please visit

RAND is a nonprofit institution that helps improve policy and decisionmaking through research and analysis. RAND's publications do not necessarily reflect the opinions of its research clients and sponsors.