Giftedness and Achievement in a Special Program.

by David G. Hays, Marjorie L. Rapp


Purchase Print Copy

 FormatList Price Price
Add to Cart Paperback21 pages $20.00 $16.00 20% Web Discount

A comparison of SAT achievement test scores of San Diego sixth-grade pupils attending special classes for IQ 140 or higher, with the scores of gifted children in ordinary classrooms. Twice as many gifted children were found as might be expected in an average population. There were five times the normal number having an IQ 140 and up, but an unexplained paucity having IQ's of 130-139. Of the special-class students, almost one-fourth were not under eighth-grade level in any subject; this was true of only one-twentieth of the other gifted children. Clearcut differences were found in the scores of pupils from different special classes. None of the gifted were under grade level in any subject--a change from 20 years ago, when the majority of pupils having IQ's over 160 were performing below average for their grade level.

This report is part of the RAND Corporation Paper series. The paper was a product of the RAND Corporation from 1948 to 2003 that captured speeches, memorials, and derivative research, usually prepared on authors' own time and meant to be the scholarly or scientific contribution of individual authors to their professional fields. Papers were less formal than reports and did not require rigorous peer review.

Our mission to help improve policy and decisionmaking through research and analysis is enabled through our core values of quality and objectivity and our unwavering commitment to the highest level of integrity and ethical behavior. To help ensure our research and analysis are rigorous, objective, and nonpartisan, we subject our research publications to a robust and exacting quality-assurance process; avoid both the appearance and reality of financial and other conflicts of interest through staff training, project screening, and a policy of mandatory disclosure; and pursue transparency in our research engagements through our commitment to the open publication of our research findings and recommendations, disclosure of the source of funding of published research, and policies to ensure intellectual independence. For more information, visit

The RAND Corporation is a nonprofit institution that helps improve policy and decisionmaking through research and analysis. RAND's publications do not necessarily reflect the opinions of its research clients and sponsors.