A discussion of the future capabilities of the computer and its role in augmenting human creativity. Rapid increases in hardware performance (e.g., the large-scale integrated circuit) and new organization methods (e.g., the multi-processing concept) have permitted the design and implementation of more flexible systems, with no loss of computational efficiency. The on-line interactive computing system promises to achieve a significant man-computer partnership. The increased productivity of the computer, however, should not be considered an end in itself. Systems analysis will provide a continual reexamination of the relevance of the user's efforts to his goals, and thus ensure that the computer is used to stimulate creativity, not to perpetuate mediocrity. 29 pp. Ref.