This issue features a 16-page survey of Soviet computer technology, as well as a number of other informative articles. A computerized linguistic information system is being developed at the new structural typology and linguistical statistics laboratory of Moscow University. Ever-increasing production of calculating equipment still lags far behind demand, and existing computers are often inefficiently used, due partly to lack of trained personnel. A number of economic institutes do not even have punchcard equipment, and it may be necessary for them to buy equipment abroad. Each ruble invested in R&D adds 1.45 rubles to the national income, compared with only 39 kopeks gain from ordinary capital investment. Several brief reports are included on conferences on automata theory, on control systems, on optimizing production and distribution, and on the mathematization of knowledge; the contributions of Ukrainian economists; the possibility of a time-sharing computer system; designing water supply networks on the MAVR analog computer; the use of computers in education and statistical linguistics; automated control systems, particularly in electrical power, chemistry, and metallurgy; and chess and heuristic programming. 88 pp.
This report is part of the RAND Corporation Paper series. The paper was a product of the RAND Corporation from 1948 to 2003 that captured speeches, memorials, and derivative research, usually prepared on authors' own time and meant to be the scholarly or scientific contribution of individual authors to their professional fields. Papers were less formal than reports and did not require rigorous peer review.
Our mission to help improve policy and decisionmaking through research and analysis is enabled through our core values of quality and objectivity and our unwavering commitment to the highest level of integrity and ethical behavior. To help ensure our research and analysis are rigorous, objective, and nonpartisan, we subject our research publications to a robust and exacting quality-assurance process; avoid both the appearance and reality of financial and other conflicts of interest through staff training, project screening, and a policy of mandatory disclosure; and pursue transparency in our research engagements through our commitment to the open publication of our research findings and recommendations, disclosure of the source of funding of published research, and policies to ensure intellectual independence. For more information, visit www.rand.org/about/principles.
The RAND Corporation is a nonprofit institution that helps improve policy and decisionmaking through research and analysis. RAND's publications do not necessarily reflect the opinions of its research clients and sponsors.