A translation of a paper that appeared in Doklady Akademiyi Nauk SSSR in 1955 on the equilibrium distribution of velocity, pressure, density, and sea-surface elevation in a canal subject to a zonal wind stress. A principal finding is that the diffusion of density approximately balances advective effects when the linearized perturbations are assumed to have an exponential decay with depth. The resulting characteristic thickness of the baroclinic layer is some 22 times the Ekman frictional depth. 8 pp.
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