Political Development as a Policy Science
Assistance to the less-developed countries is discussed in the context of a science of politics that focuses on the political development of the countries of the Third World. Socioeconomic progress measured in terms of economic indicators of development has proved untenable. To the degree that political science has neglected history, constitutional law, and the formal legally sanctioned systems by which society’s rules and decisions are made, the political science curriculum must be corrected. Foreign assistance agencies need to be able to plan for the political aspect of development when decisions among alternative foreign assistance programs and projects are required. The political scientist will be expected to advise the policymaker on the essential political questions of constitutionalism, regime, the representative system, relations between central and local government, and civil liberties — an approach that is not now receiving the proper emphasis.