Agriculture in the industrialization of Communist China and the Soviet Union is discussed in the context of Stalinist development strategy and the role of collectivization in a Soviet economy. Indications are that, within a Soviet environment, the future as well as the past belongs to collective farms. The argument for collectivization may be stated thus: a short-run triumph, involving increasing penalties as time passes, but the most expedient solution in the long run for a country that professes adherence to Marxist principles. 7 pp. Ref.
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