Defense Policies and Developments in the Federal Republic of Germany.

by Horst Mendershausen


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This review of defense policies and developments in the Federal Republic of Germany focuses on a reversal in national priorities that occurred at the end of 1967: For the first time in the Federal Republic's history, domestic policy has been given top priority in contrast to the past one and a half decades during which the Western Alliance and rearmament have been emphasized. This reversal of priorities and the search for a new military policy reflect significant changes in German opinion and international circumstances. The expectations that led Adenauer to arm the Federal Republic as a member of a Western, anti-Soviet security community have, in part, been fulfilled, but the reunification of Germany has not yet been achieved. The military strength of the Western Alliance is not likely to contribute to this goal. Two issues dominate the recurrent German defense debate: (1) local resistance vs. deterrent strike forces, and (2) national vs. alliance-oriented forces. 19 pp.

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