An examination of the phenomenon of national peculiarity in literature as it relates to the sacred tale in which the hero is not an individual but a community. Four circumstances support the supposition that the origin of these tales is exclusively Jewish: They deal with Jewish national problems; they are told before exclusively Jewish audiences; they exist in exclusively Jewish homiletic literature; they are not found in any other culture. An analysis of the content and form of four Jewish texts and one Chinese text reveals that a universal literary model has been used and filled with a content appropriate to the particular culture. 23 pp. Refs.