A discussion of RAND research efforts for the City of New York, with some pros and cons of involvement in an urban program. Contracts with the city's Fire Department, Health Services Administration, Housing Development Administration and Police Department form the basis of continuing research efforts for RAND. However, research within the urban sphere can be difficult due to (1) the political structure's demand for immediate results; (2) unfavorable criticism from premature public exposure; (3) possible subpoena of confidential materials; (4) divided authority; and (5) multiple-source funding problems. The advantages, centering in the opportunity to solve major urban problems and implement solutions, are seen as outweighing the disadvantages. 14 pp.