An analysis of Jewish-Near Eastern legendary material in terms of the qualities attributed to the legend as defined by the Brothers Grimm: A legend is a story told about a definite (real or fabulous) person, event, or place; it is a story that is believed. The criteria pointed out by the Brothers Grimm prove to be important qualities of the Jewish-Near Eastern tales. These qualities, however, have to be modified from absolute to relative, from dichotomies to continua. The first two of the criteria--the temporal and the spatial schemes--must be constructed separately for every culture; the third--the believing quality--is a secondary one that is the outcome of the other two and will be a product of a universal rule. 31 pp. Refs.