A description of Program Budgeting as an attempt to place all budgetary decisions in the framework of long-range objectives. Basic to this is systems analysis, which involves a comparison of the costs and effectiveness of decision alternatives over a multi-year period. A model--an abstraction of the real problem--is used to make explicit the assumptions and judgments that are invariably required in the analysis. The real purpose of program budgeting is to aid the decisionmaker, not to replace him. Since 1965, when an Executive Order extended PPBS throughout the Federal Government, PPBS has received widespread application throughout the United States and the world. Although program budgeting has many problems to be resolved, it offers significant potential for greater efficiency and economy in the allocation of resources. (Presented at the 49th International Conference of the Administrative Management Society held in Los Angeles, May 20, 1968.) 9 pp.
This report is part of the RAND Corporation Paper series. The paper was a product of the RAND Corporation from 1948 to 2003 that captured speeches, memorials, and derivative research, usually prepared on authors' own time and meant to be the scholarly or scientific contribution of individual authors to their professional fields. Papers were less formal than reports and did not require rigorous peer review.
Our mission to help improve policy and decisionmaking through research and analysis is enabled through our core values of quality and objectivity and our unwavering commitment to the highest level of integrity and ethical behavior. To help ensure our research and analysis are rigorous, objective, and nonpartisan, we subject our research publications to a robust and exacting quality-assurance process; avoid both the appearance and reality of financial and other conflicts of interest through staff training, project screening, and a policy of mandatory disclosure; and pursue transparency in our research engagements through our commitment to the open publication of our research findings and recommendations, disclosure of the source of funding of published research, and policies to ensure intellectual independence. For more information, visit www.rand.org/about/research-integrity.
The RAND Corporation is a nonprofit institution that helps improve policy and decisionmaking through research and analysis. RAND's publications do not necessarily reflect the opinions of its research clients and sponsors.