A description of Program Budgeting as an attempt to place all budgetary decisions in the framework of long-range objectives. Basic to this is systems analysis, which involves a comparison of the costs and effectiveness of decision alternatives over a multi-year period. A model--an abstraction of the real problem--is used to make explicit the assumptions and judgments that are invariably required in the analysis. The real purpose of program budgeting is to aid the decisionmaker, not to replace him. Since 1965, when an Executive Order extended PPBS throughout the Federal Government, PPBS has received widespread application throughout the United States and the world. Although program budgeting has many problems to be resolved, it offers significant potential for greater efficiency and economy in the allocation of resources. (Presented at the 49th International Conference of the Administrative Management Society held in Los Angeles, May 20, 1968.) 9 pp.
This report is part of the RAND Corporation Paper series. The paper was a product of the RAND Corporation from 1948 to 2003 that captured speeches, memorials, and derivative research, usually prepared on authors' own time and meant to be the scholarly or scientific contribution of individual authors to their professional fields. Papers were less formal than reports and did not require rigorous peer review.
This document and trademark(s) contained herein are protected by law. This representation of RAND intellectual property is provided for noncommercial use only. Unauthorized posting of this publication online is prohibited; linking directly to this product page is encouraged. Permission is required from RAND to reproduce, or reuse in another form, any of its research documents for commercial purposes. For information on reprint and reuse permissions, please visit www.rand.org/pubs/permissions.
The RAND Corporation is a nonprofit institution that helps improve policy and decisionmaking through research and analysis. RAND's publications do not necessarily reflect the opinions of its research clients and sponsors.