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A description of Program Budgeting as an attempt to place all budgetary decisions in the framework of long-range objectives. Basic to this is systems analysis, which involves a comparison of the costs and effectiveness of decision alternatives over a multi-year period. A model--an abstraction of the real problem--is used to make explicit the assumptions and judgments that are invariably required in the analysis. The real purpose of program budgeting is to aid the decisionmaker, not to replace him. Since 1965, when an Executive Order extended PPBS throughout the Federal Government, PPBS has received widespread application throughout the United States and the world. Although program budgeting has many problems to be resolved, it offers significant potential for greater efficiency and economy in the allocation of resources. (Presented at the 49th International Conference of the Administrative Management Society held in Los Angeles, May 20, 1968.) 9 pp.

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