New Method to Limit Abundance of Cosmic Ray Quarks
Jan 1, 1968
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Further development of the study of quark chemistry begun in P-3814. Negatively charged quarks and antiquarks could induce fusion in light elements, causing nuclear build-up similar to that observed by Alvarez and his colleagues for muon-catalyzed reactions. Unlike muons, quarks slowing to rest in matter should live forever and induce fusion without ever being captured by nuclei, because nuclei cannot carry a nonintegral charge. In the build-up of elements by quark catalysis, the well-known difficulty at atomic number 5 does not arise. About 10 exp (-26) quarks per proton could have produced the 1/10 percent abundance of light elements observed on stellar surfaces by fusion catalysis. The entire energy output of the sun could be produced by 10 exp (-25) quarks per proton catalyzing fusion in a mixture of hydrogen isotopes and helium.
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