The Organizational Approach versus the Societal Approach to Development in Emerging Nations.

by Paul T. McClure

Purchase Print Copy

 FormatList Price Price
Add to Cart Paperback34 pages $20.00 $16.00 20% Web Discount

A comparison of two methods of analysis that determine the focal point for a nation's development processes. The societal approach compares public administration systems of several nations or regions at the same point in time or analyzes one system at different times. Although historically valuable, this approach is dysfunctional for use by a developing nation since it stimulates imitation regardless of the differences between the societies under comparison. A better approach is to evaluate an organization's interaction with society by use of an organizational model, to obtain variables that can be understood and manipulated as needed for a national agency to function more effectively. Since efficiency and effectiveness on an organizational level are tantamount to development, such models can be valuable to all countries, regardless of their developmental status. 34 pp. Bibliog.

This report is part of the RAND Corporation Paper series. The paper was a product of the RAND Corporation from 1948 to 2003 that captured speeches, memorials, and derivative research, usually prepared on authors' own time and meant to be the scholarly or scientific contribution of individual authors to their professional fields. Papers were less formal than reports and did not require rigorous peer review.

Our mission to help improve policy and decisionmaking through research and analysis is enabled through our core values of quality and objectivity and our unwavering commitment to the highest level of integrity and ethical behavior. To help ensure our research and analysis are rigorous, objective, and nonpartisan, we subject our research publications to a robust and exacting quality-assurance process; avoid both the appearance and reality of financial and other conflicts of interest through staff training, project screening, and a policy of mandatory disclosure; and pursue transparency in our research engagements through our commitment to the open publication of our research findings and recommendations, disclosure of the source of funding of published research, and policies to ensure intellectual independence. For more information, visit

The RAND Corporation is a nonprofit institution that helps improve policy and decisionmaking through research and analysis. RAND's publications do not necessarily reflect the opinions of its research clients and sponsors.