Critical description of the present decisionmaking system in terms of new institutional arrangements needed to coordinate the required research effort and advocate organizational change. The U.S. decisionmaking system today is described as a complex, hierarchical network of individuals, with the President and his senior advisers at the apex, who interact in ways that are both complex and poorly understood. This study suggests two approaches for the improvement of decisionmaking in foreign affairs: (1) a stronger commitment and an improved capability for organizational change at a high level of the decisionmaking system, and (2) an expanded program of fundamental research on the decisionmaking process employing concepts from recent advances in the social sciences.
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