Identification of primary objectives in program budgeting to help school districts' decisionmaking. The aim of program budgeting is to make explicit the relationship between resources (money, teachers, facilities) and results of school-district activities. The district activities are first categorized into primary objectives that (1) state goals to which all operational decisions refer, (2) tell the layman what schools are trying to do (and what they actually do), and (3) are stable and long-term, but not inviolable. Both lower- and higher-level objectives contribute to the primary objectives. Each primary objective is translated into the activities that support it. Desirable characteristics are multiplicity, extra-institutional orientation, comprehensiveness, breadth, specificity, staying power. Competition for resources can be handled only by analysis. 17 pp. Bibliog.