Review of Educational planning-programming-budgeting, a systems approach by H.J. Hartley.

by Yehezkel Dror

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A critique of Hartley's book on PPBS and systems analysis. The book does not face squarely the critical question of whether and how far PPBS and systems analysis are preferable or even feasible approaches to decision improvements on the local school level. Both internal and external limits of PPBS are treated superficially. Although the author's last chapter presents a good discussion of problems and limitations of PPBS, the rest of the book shows that the theoretical basis for PPBS has not been built, nor connections made between theory and application; neither are underlying assumptions and requisite conditions explored. Such a book shows the urgent need for advances in improvement-oriented administrative theory.

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