An examination of internal Party maneuvering in 1968-1969. Gomulka's domination of opposed factions in the Polish United Workers Party (PUWP) was severely challenged before and after the student protest of March 8, 1968, by the hard-liners--led by the Partisans. Their bid for power was characterized by anti-Semitism, anti-intellectualism, and criticism of the existing regime. Gomulka's adroitness in outmaneuvering his opponents, combined with the PUWP's organizational structure favoring the continuation in power of the Party leader and the effect of the Czechoslovakian invasion, resulted in successful reconsolidation of his authority by the November Congress. Paradoxically, his domination of the Party was ended; a new group of young "pragmatists" has emerged who are turning to the task of modernizing Polish society. 26 pp.
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