Cover: Three Views of the Expert's Role in Policy-Making

Three Views of the Expert's Role in Policy-Making

Systems Analysis, Incrementalism and the Clinical Approach

Published 1970

by Kathleen Archibald


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A discussion advancing the notion that synthesis of systems analysis, incrementalism, and the clinical approach to policymaking could provide analysts and decisionmakers with a powerful tool for improving policy and programs. While systems analysis is concerned with economic rationality, and incrementalism oriented to political rationality, the clinical or "human relations" approach emphasizes social rationality. With strong ties to T-groups and sensitivity training, it places organizational change at the center of its concerns — an area where both systems analysis and incrementalism are weak. A combined approach offers the advantage of developing a participatory decisionmaking environment within the client organization while creating the order necessary for effective action. The potential: public policy decisions with much enhanced chances for effectiveness at the operational level.

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