Cover: Alternative Orientations to Social Science Utilization.

Alternative Orientations to Social Science Utilization.

Published 1970

by Kathleen Archibald

Purchase Print Copy

 Format Price
Add to Cart Paperback59 pages $23.00

Although the social science literature tends to assume either an academic or a clinical role for the applied social scientist, another approach--here called the strategic role--is common among economists and military analysts. The clinical or "change agent" approach seeks to solve problems by freeing the decisionmaker from personal hangups. The strategic approach--broadly, systems analysis--works at the intersect of the practical problem and the client's capabilities, analyzes problems in detail, explicates alternatives, and may make specific recommendations. The approaches are illustrated by quotations from interviews with 13 contributors to the war/peace discourse and by examples of the clinical vs. strategic approach to problems ranging from SAC basing to unwanted pregnancy. No single orientation can handle all the complexities of the real world.

This report is part of the RAND paper series. The paper was a product of RAND from 1948 to 2003 that captured speeches, memorials, and derivative research, usually prepared on authors' own time and meant to be the scholarly or scientific contribution of individual authors to their professional fields. Papers were less formal than reports and did not require rigorous peer review.

This document and trademark(s) contained herein are protected by law. This representation of RAND intellectual property is provided for noncommercial use only. Unauthorized posting of this publication online is prohibited; linking directly to this product page is encouraged. Permission is required from RAND to reproduce, or reuse in another form, any of its research documents for commercial purposes. For information on reprint and reuse permissions, please visit www.rand.org/pubs/permissions.

RAND is a nonprofit institution that helps improve policy and decisionmaking through research and analysis. RAND's publications do not necessarily reflect the opinions of its research clients and sponsors.