Discusses Soviet policies and activities in Southeast Asia, China's reactions to them, and the effect of Sino-Soviet relations on future developments in that region. While advocating "collective security" as a means of repelling "the forces of imperialism and expansionism" in Southeast Asia, the Soviets continue to promote bilateral ties; e.g., negotiations for commercial aviation and trade agreements with Thailand and the possibility of diplomatic and trade relations with the Philippines. The Chinese believe that Soviet economic and diplomatic penetration into the area, military aid to the Indian government, the buildup along the Sino-Soviet border, and the signing of the Non-Proliferation Treaty are all part of a pattern to contain and threaten China--and Moscow has done nothing to discourage this belief. Conclusions are that past conflicts will probably strongly influence Sino-Soviet policies in Southeast Asia, even if border negotiations appear to be concluded on a mutually satisfactory note. 19 pp.
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