Cover: Performance Grammars.

Performance Grammars.

Published 1970

by Martin Kay

Purchase Print Copy

 Format Price
Add to Cart Paperback17 pages $20.00

Broad outline of a scheme to develop a machine and theory that would remove the distinctions between a speaker's semantic competence and his knowledge of the world. The structural semanticist today claims that there is no isolatable entity that can reasonably be called the meaning of a word or phrase, but that there are relationships between words and sentences that determine the meaning. To build a model of language performance, linguists must dispense with fundamental relations such as incompatibility, antonymy, and hyponomy, which are all dependent on the notion of implication. To do its job, the machine must be able to remember facts clearly and make inferences so that it can answer any question, the answer to which is not contained in any single sentence that it has stored. If the mechanisms that the machine embodies are severely restricted in some way, then the claim that it can speak and understand becomes an interesting one, and the theoretical principles underlying the design of the machine become contributions to linguistic theory. 17 pp.

This report is part of the RAND paper series. The paper was a product of RAND from 1948 to 2003 that captured speeches, memorials, and derivative research, usually prepared on authors' own time and meant to be the scholarly or scientific contribution of individual authors to their professional fields. Papers were less formal than reports and did not require rigorous peer review.

This document and trademark(s) contained herein are protected by law. This representation of RAND intellectual property is provided for noncommercial use only. Unauthorized posting of this publication online is prohibited; linking directly to this product page is encouraged. Permission is required from RAND to reproduce, or reuse in another form, any of its research documents for commercial purposes. For information on reprint and reuse permissions, please visit www.rand.org/pubs/permissions.

RAND is a nonprofit institution that helps improve policy and decisionmaking through research and analysis. RAND's publications do not necessarily reflect the opinions of its research clients and sponsors.