Discusses and gives examples of ways of comparing the merits of different educational approaches within the framework of a program planning and budgeting system. Education is too complex, multidimensional, and poorly understood to lend itself to a single cost/effectiveness criterion. Rather, analysts in the educational field seek to rank alternatives by their effectiveness, report separately on the cost implications, and leave the tradeoffs to the decisionmaker's judgment. A program, in this context, is any specifiable mix of components, including pupil and neighborhood characteristics. Program effects are judged by comparison with preprogram status. The effects are evaluated against the objectives, and the results translated into measures of effectiveness, taking account of interdependencies as necessary, and changing the weighting of elements with magnitude. 19 pp.
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