Cover: The Soviet Union in 1970.

The Soviet Union in 1970.

Published 1971

by Arnold L. Horelick

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Economic questions were evidently at the center of factional struggle in the Soviet leadership during 1970. Although the economy's 1970 upturn relieved some of the immediate pressures on the leadership, basic difficulties in Soviet economic development continued to plague Soviet leaders as they struggled over the draft of the 9th Five Year Plan (1971-1975). Meanwhile, domestic dissidence continued, attracting widespread and embarrassing attention abroad, and perhaps encouraging still others to raise their voices at home. Activities in space, however, were impressive. The Soviet Union seemed more active diplomatically in 1970 than at any time in the last decade, particularly in Europe, where the crowning achievement was the signing of the Soviet-West Germany Treaty of Renunciation of the Use of Force. In the Middle East, Soviet foreign policy inched the superpowers closer to confrontation. No new incidents were reported in the USSR-China border dispute, although military buildups continued on both sides. 13 pp.

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