Organizational Perspectives and Decision-making in the Chinese Communist High Command.

by William W. Whitson

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An examination of decisionmaking in Communist China that views the decisionmaking process as the outcome of various conceptions of national, organizational, and personal goals. Within the high command, at least 6 major career channels exist, each with a distinctive set of organizational interests, values, attitudes, and goals: local forces, ground forces, general political department, general rear services, navy, and air force. China's military regions have become a locus of major political as well as military decisions. Ground force units and senior commanders are preoccupied with internal stability. The older leaders share with them a preference for defense, decentralized among relatively independent military regions. The navy, a hostage of ground force thinking, has small, high-speed patrol- and torpedo-boats for Asian coastal defense. But the navy and air force may demand increasing support for modernization, while the advanced-weapons program can be expected to become increasingly significant in negotiation and compromise over resources and rewards. 50 pp. Ref.

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