As it did 5 years ago, this Soviet Congress identified 3 priorities: strengthen the world communist system; support national-liberation movements and promote the world antiimperialist struggle; and maintain the principle of peaceful coexistence with states of different social systems. It treated an agenda of 7 clusters of items: (1) calming the trouble spots in Southeast Asia and the Middle East; (2) the importance of European aspects of foreign policy; (3) Soviet-U.S. relations; (4) other disarmament proposals; (5) Sino-Soviet relations; (6) Soviet-Japanese relations; (7) Third World trends. No major policy shifts exist except for minor hints of possible negotiations for mutually balanced force reductions in Europe, and of new opportunities in Latin America. Pronouncements reflected satisfaction with Soviet foreign policy and pride in growing global power. Omissions of certain investment goals and resource allocations suggest uncertainty in the U.S.-USSR power relationship. Global obligations may be tempering Soviet great-power dynamism. Old U.S. predictive models of Soviet behavior should be reexamined. 6 pp.