As new ideas are generated for dealing with court congestion and other criminal justice problems, those that appear to be the most promising must eventually be tested in practice. However, it is difficult to determine whether there is any resulting improvement. Accordingly, this paper is addressed to considerations of experimental design, the selection of evaluation criteria, the measurement of court performance, and the assessment of the results of such a test. The principles introduced are discussed in terms of an ongoing evaluation of a major internal reorganization of the New York City criminal court.
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