Cover: Methods for Allocating Urban Emergency Units

Methods for Allocating Urban Emergency Units

A Survey

Published 1971

by Jan M. Chaiken, Richard C. Larson

Download

Download eBook for Free

FormatFile SizeNotes
PDF file 1.6 MB

Use Adobe Acrobat Reader version 10 or higher for the best experience.

Purchase

Purchase Print Copy

 Format Price
Add to Cart Paperback46 pages $23.00

A description of common characteristics and operational problems of emergency service systems. This paper surveys various methods used for allocating mobile units, or vehicles. Allocation policy aspects include (1) determination of numbers of units on duty, (2) location of units, (3) design of their response or patrol areas, (4) relocation of units, and (5) design of preventive patrol patterns for police cars. Using quantitative allocation models, the authors suggest possible policy changes. Typical examples include (1) selective queuing of low-priority calls, (2) varying numbers of units on duty and their locations by time of day, (3) dispatching units other than the closest ones to certain incidents, (4) relocating units as unavailabilities develop, and (5) assigning police cars to overlapping patrol sectors. These changes can reduce queuing and travel-time delays, improve workload balance among units, and increase amount of preventive patrol where needed.

This report is part of the RAND paper series. The paper was a product of RAND from 1948 to 2003 that captured speeches, memorials, and derivative research, usually prepared on authors' own time and meant to be the scholarly or scientific contribution of individual authors to their professional fields. Papers were less formal than reports and did not require rigorous peer review.

This document and trademark(s) contained herein are protected by law. This representation of RAND intellectual property is provided for noncommercial use only. Unauthorized posting of this publication online is prohibited; linking directly to this product page is encouraged. Permission is required from RAND to reproduce, or reuse in another form, any of its research documents for commercial purposes. For information on reprint and reuse permissions, please visit www.rand.org/pubs/permissions.

RAND is a nonprofit institution that helps improve policy and decisionmaking through research and analysis. RAND's publications do not necessarily reflect the opinions of its research clients and sponsors.