Computers and National Security.
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Discussion of the impact of computers since World War II on military decisions and national defense. Computers have pervasive roles in military operations and management--on-board devices, communications, command and control, intelligence, logistic management, and the research and development of new weapon systems. A detailed description is given of a series of political-military exercises (XRAY) that used online, time-sharing computing and commercial teletype to connect teams throughout the country in these posture-planning, crisis-management exercises. Computer-assisted gaming could have an important impact on SALT and other real-world conflict situations. "Systems synthesis," considered as an offshoot of gaming, is a technique that may remove some of the deficiencies of classical systems analysis in military applications. 49 pp. Ref.
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