Examines major features of changing population distribution and their long-term implications and proposes policies for coping with local and regional effects of redistribution. Features of changing distribution: (1) people vacating extensive portions of the nation's territory--particularly the middle of the continent--and concentrating along the coasts, (2) the United States continues to become metropolitan, with most population in metropolitan centers over 100,000 inhabitants, (3) metropolitan areas and hinterlands merging into larger urban regions, (4) important internal differentiations taking place within the jurisdiction of metropolises. Coping in some areas with urban growth necessitates policies: to offset environmental threats accompanying future urban settlements, and to ensure orderly and socially equitable development within urban regions. Coping in other areas with population decline requires: consolidation of services, human resource development, and counseling and assisting relocation to nearby growth centers. 32 pp. Ref.