Television Violence: Where the Surgeon General's Study Leads.
Agrees with the Surgeon General's study, which concludes that televised violence causes aggressiveness among children and young people, and proposes as next steps research for policy guidance and policy implementation. Policy guidance research should include (1) validation studies; (2) field studies and panel surveys; and (3) high-priority issues such as (a) social and psychological processes influencing how televised violence affects aggressiveness; (b) mitigating conditions; (c) pro-social effects of televised violence; and (d) pro-social influences of television. Policy studies should include (1) production--the social and economic mechanisms for freeing production from competition that makes violence so attractive; (2) programming--the social and economic dynamics for reducing the utility of violence as a means of gaining audiences attractive to advertisers; and (3) consumer action--social mechanisms by which various concerned publics can learn what they should do, and broadcasters can become more conscious of public needs and dissatisfactions. 18 pp. Ref.