Because of the uncertainty about future economic and population growth in the San Jose, California, metropolitan area, officials will have to develop sets of contingency plans for its development and evaluate the probable consequences of major policies, plans, and projects before they are implemented. Officials must decide the extent to which they want to shape and control economic and population growth and spatial patterns, then determine their options and objectives, and finally formulate plans for achieving those objectives. The analyst's role is to help decisionmakers understand the likely consequences of proposed action. RAND is studying the extent to which local governments, individually or together, can actually influence urban development. Current projects include an analysis of federal and state control over development in urban and urbanizing areas. RAND will investigate ways to use various local policy instruments to control development.
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