A slightly expanded version of a talk describing the origins of The New York City-RAND Institute, some of its accomplishments, its style of operation, the political economy of policy analysis in New York City and some lessons learned. The talk was presented at a special session, Science and the New Challenge to Rationality, of the American Association for the Advancement of Science's 139th Annual Meeting held in Washington, D.C., on December 29, 1972. The original title of the talk was To What Extent Can Quantitative Methods Illuminate and Help Solve the Problems of Local Government?
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