Asian Communist Movements and the Major Communist Powers--The Cases of Japan and Southeast Asia.
The Sino-Soviet conflict allowed the Japanese Communist Party to eliminate the controlling influences of Moscow and Peking over its policies. Soviet and Chinese attempts to coerce the party into their respective camps have failed. Its relations with Moscow are strained and it is in open conflict with Peking over domestic strategy, the role of "American imperialism," and the Sino-Soviet relationship. Generational change and the environment of Japan reinforce the party's inclination toward national communism. Moscow has begun to accommodate itself to this development and Peking will also have to follow suit. Although China's material support to Southeast Asia's revolutionaries has been cautious, it wields strong influence among them. Soviet policy, in contrast, focuses on relations with local governments. In that respect, Peking is now making up for lost time. Even more than in the past, the future of Southeast Asia's revolutionary movements will depend on endogenous factors. 21 pp. Ref.