Assessing the Potential Impact of an Income Maintenance Program on Migration: Hypotheses and Suggestions for Research.

by Julie DaVanzo

Purchase Print Copy

 FormatList Price Price
Add to Cart Paperback14 pages $20.00 $16.00 20% Web Discount

Some policies, such as relocation assistance grants, are designed to influence migration directly by helping people move to available jobs. Others, such as income maintenance program (IMP), may not be designed to affect migration, but may inadvertently change the costs and benefits of geographic mobility. A family choice model of migration based on the human capital approach is outlined. The basic premise is that a family will invest in migration if the marginal rate of return (determined by the costs and benefits of migration) exceeds the marginal cost of financing the investment. Six hypotheses of IMP effects on migration are discussed; an IMP may facilitate migration financing, reduce its riskiness, lower the labor market return, and decrease interregional discrepancies in welfare benefits. The information and model extensions needed to test these hypotheses are discussed. Longitudinal data on households and individuals are recommended for future empirical analyses. (Prepared for presentation at the Annual Meeting of the Population Association of America in New Orleans, April 26-28, 1973). 14 pp.

This report is part of the RAND Corporation Paper series. The paper was a product of the RAND Corporation from 1948 to 2003 that captured speeches, memorials, and derivative research, usually prepared on authors' own time and meant to be the scholarly or scientific contribution of individual authors to their professional fields. Papers were less formal than reports and did not require rigorous peer review.

Our mission to help improve policy and decisionmaking through research and analysis is enabled through our core values of quality and objectivity and our unwavering commitment to the highest level of integrity and ethical behavior. To help ensure our research and analysis are rigorous, objective, and nonpartisan, we subject our research publications to a robust and exacting quality-assurance process; avoid both the appearance and reality of financial and other conflicts of interest through staff training, project screening, and a policy of mandatory disclosure; and pursue transparency in our research engagements through our commitment to the open publication of our research findings and recommendations, disclosure of the source of funding of published research, and policies to ensure intellectual independence. For more information, visit

The RAND Corporation is a nonprofit institution that helps improve policy and decisionmaking through research and analysis. RAND's publications do not necessarily reflect the opinions of its research clients and sponsors.