How Population Movements Shape National Growth.
A discussion of migration in terms of its social and economic aspects and of its implications for national growth policy. A better understanding of how migration works--what causes it, what its effects are on migrants, how it affects their originations and destinations--can result in realistic and effective ways to guide migration toward achieving desirable ends. Two cities having contrasting experiences due to migration are examined: St. Louis, Missouri, which has undergone severe population loss; and San Jose, California, one of the nation's fastest growing metropolitan areas. Although migration enables people to better themselves economically and socially, and improves the function of the labor market, personal obstacles often deter unemployed and low-income workers from relocating. By underwriting the risks involved, a national program of assisted migration could rationalize relocation. Recent programs show that by redirecting migration, unemployed persons with widely varying backgrounds and skill levels can be helped to find jobs and increase their earnings. 25 pp. Ref.