A discussion of the issue of the participation of state and local governments in the resolution of energy problems. The author's proposition is that energy issues involving significant concurrent jurisdiction of two or more governmental entities are prime candidates for joint planning and research efforts, on a matching grant basis, and that key territorial domains critical to new energy supply or conservation should be subjected to governmental planning, under federal or state sponsorship as appropriate. Conclusions are: (1) Federal policy planners should not preempt state action. (2) The $10 million FEA grant program is critical to joint planning efforts. (3) Regional and public access to Project Independence Blueprint computer models would be beneficial and both are possible under FEA Act of 1974. (4) Critical planning problems are often regional or interregional. (5) Joint federal/interstate-regional and federal/intrastate-regional energy planning should prove productive. 10 pp.