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"Before the charges of 'subjectivism and hare-brained scheming' become an indelible part of Khrushchev's record," says Azrael, "certain qualifications and clarifications seem in order." Based on the notion that the charges stemmed from certain policies that were immediately downgraded by Khrushchev's successors, Azrael examines these policies, which were consistently "leftist" and "Marxist-Leninist." Proclaiming that the Soviet state and the Communist Party should be organs of the "entire people," Khrushchev proceeded to reform the administrative system along ideological lines. He took steps to narrow the income and status gap between the upper and lower classes, raising low-level wages and reducing very high-level salaries; and he also launched a vigorous campaign to bring "gilded youth" into productive labor. He championed the rapid urbanization of the countryside and condemned religion and other rural "survivals of the past." Educational reforms stressed the rapid preparation of "new men" who were to be trained in "party spirit" and inspired by "communist vision." Khrushchev's persistence with these policies in the face of fierce and growing opposition provide the best evidence that he was a "true believer." 19 pp.

This report is part of the RAND Corporation paper series. The paper was a product of the RAND Corporation from 1948 to 2003 that captured speeches, memorials, and derivative research, usually prepared on authors' own time and meant to be the scholarly or scientific contribution of individual authors to their professional fields. Papers were less formal than reports and did not require rigorous peer review.

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