Local Growth Control versus the Freedom To Migrate.

by Peter A. Morrison, Judith P. Wheeler

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An extension of remarks by Morrison at the 1974 National Symposium on Law and the Environment, Spokane, Washington. Reacting to such symptoms of overpopulation as congestion in urban areas and environmental decay--or to the threat of them--some communities have tried to slow or to block in-migration. The courts, however, have questioned the right of communities to enact legislation limiting growth on the grounds that citizens have a constitutional right not to be discriminated against in choosing a place to settle. The authors use the concept of medallions, required in New York City for a license to drive a taxi, to illustrate certain issues in population distribution and implicit systems that work to control national and local settlement patterns. 6 pp.

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