Controlled Pluralism: Is Hungary the Future of Eastern Europe?

by J. D. Porro


Purchase Print Copy

 FormatList Price Price
Add to Cart Paperback18 pages $20.00 $16.00 20% Web Discount

Since de-Stalinization, ruling Communist elites in Eastern Europe have found it increasingly difficult to pursue their goals of (1) maintenance of the leading role of the Party, (2) political stability of their regimes, and (3) economic growth. A crucial question for the future of Eastern European Communist regimes is--How can the three goals be pursued simultaneously? Can there exist in Eastern Europe a political system which combines the leading role of the Party with pluralism? The author suggests we look to models of American pluralism developed by some of pluralism's more radical critics, and outlines a model of "controlled pluralism" in which the Party elite can protect its leading role while promoting stability and economic growth. Since January 1, 1968, when the New Economic Mechanism and other reforms were introduced, the Hungarian political system has come increasingly to resemble the comparative pluralism model. However, this does not mean that it will necessarily succeed in the rest of Eastern Europe. 18 pp. Ref.

This report is part of the RAND Corporation Paper series. The paper was a product of the RAND Corporation from 1948 to 2003 that captured speeches, memorials, and derivative research, usually prepared on authors' own time and meant to be the scholarly or scientific contribution of individual authors to their professional fields. Papers were less formal than reports and did not require rigorous peer review.

Our mission to help improve policy and decisionmaking through research and analysis is enabled through our core values of quality and objectivity and our unwavering commitment to the highest level of integrity and ethical behavior. To help ensure our research and analysis are rigorous, objective, and nonpartisan, we subject our research publications to a robust and exacting quality-assurance process; avoid both the appearance and reality of financial and other conflicts of interest through staff training, project screening, and a policy of mandatory disclosure; and pursue transparency in our research engagements through our commitment to the open publication of our research findings and recommendations, disclosure of the source of funding of published research, and policies to ensure intellectual independence. For more information, visit

The RAND Corporation is a nonprofit institution that helps improve policy and decisionmaking through research and analysis. RAND's publications do not necessarily reflect the opinions of its research clients and sponsors.