Cover: Fire Casualties and Their Relation to Fire Company Response Distance and Demographic Factors.

Fire Casualties and Their Relation to Fire Company Response Distance and Demographic Factors.

Published 1975

by H. Corman, Edward Ignall, Kenneth Lloyd Rider, A. Stevenson

Purchase Print Copy

 Format Price
Add to Cart Paperback17 pages $20.00

Fatalities and injuries per structural fire in New York City have been compared by time of day, season, year, construction, region of the City, floor of origin, and occupancy. The relationship between response distance and fire casualties has also been studied. It has been found that the number of casualties per structural fire has not been increasing over time. There are, however, significant time-of-day and time-of-year effects on risk of life that should be taken into account in providing fire-protection services. Other casualty indexes provided inconclusive results since certain categories, such as casualties occurring in tenements, could reflect social as well as building-construction problems. A statistically significant, but very small, relationship was found between response distance and fire casualties. The effect of response distance on casualty risk is so overwhelmed by other factors that risk of life cannot be used as the primary criterion in developing mathematical fire-resource allocation models. 17 pp. Ref.

This report is part of the RAND paper series. The paper was a product of RAND from 1948 to 2003 that captured speeches, memorials, and derivative research, usually prepared on authors' own time and meant to be the scholarly or scientific contribution of individual authors to their professional fields. Papers were less formal than reports and did not require rigorous peer review.

This document and trademark(s) contained herein are protected by law. This representation of RAND intellectual property is provided for noncommercial use only. Unauthorized posting of this publication online is prohibited; linking directly to this product page is encouraged. Permission is required from RAND to reproduce, or reuse in another form, any of its research documents for commercial purposes. For information on reprint and reuse permissions, please visit www.rand.org/pubs/permissions.

RAND is a nonprofit institution that helps improve policy and decisionmaking through research and analysis. RAND's publications do not necessarily reflect the opinions of its research clients and sponsors.