Examines New York City Fire Department expenditures for fiscal 1968-1969 to 1973-1974. Because the figures reported in the New York City Expense Budget indicate spending intentions rather than actual costs, analysis of actual fire department operations is also used to determine costs. A general and continuous rise in fire department expenditures remains even after accounting for the increase in the cost of living. Since wages constitute over 95 percent of the budget in all six years, and the number of companies deployed remained level, the rise in costs was primarily due to the substantial salary increases granted. Explicit unit costs such as costs per house and costs per company are obtained, facilitating the allocation of fire department costs to geographic regions of the city. It is found that although some companies may make runs to alarms that occur outside of the region to which they are assigned, the correction factors needed to adjust for this effect are very small. 39 pp. Ref.