Black-White Male Wage Ratios: 1960-1970.

by James P. Smith, Finis Welch


Purchase Print Copy

 FormatList Price Price
Add to Cart Paperback33 pages $20.00 $16.00 20% Web Discount

Using Census samples, examines relative male earnings by race. In 1959, employed black men averaged 57 percent of the earnings of employed white men. This had increased to 64 percent by 1969, during low and declining unemployment. The improvement over the decade was universally shared across schooling and experience groups, although the young and better educated fared best. Occupational distributions were also converging. Because blacks seem more vulnerable to business cycle changes, weekly earnings are emphasized, rather than annual earnings that reflect differences in weeks worked. Nonlabor and self-employment income are ignored. Stronger gains were registered in the South and Midwest than the Northeast and West, and in private rather than governmental employment. While the effect of affirmative action was not directly studied, the largest gains occurred in the industries least vulnerable to federal pressure. 33 pp. Ref.

This report is part of the RAND Corporation Paper series. The paper was a product of the RAND Corporation from 1948 to 2003 that captured speeches, memorials, and derivative research, usually prepared on authors' own time and meant to be the scholarly or scientific contribution of individual authors to their professional fields. Papers were less formal than reports and did not require rigorous peer review.

The RAND Corporation is a nonprofit institution that helps improve policy and decisionmaking through research and analysis. RAND's publications do not necessarily reflect the opinions of its research clients and sponsors.